Conference Phases and Stages of Decision Making
The MMUN like the UN has five stages of decision-making: Debate, Negotiation, Taking Action, Implementation, and Reporting. Only the first three stages are simulated at the Montessori Model UN: Debate, Negotiation, and Taking Action.
MMUN has developed a separate event iYES (International Youth Earth Summit) for the stages of Implementation and Reporting to complete the cycle.
|MMUN Committee Bureau Assignments||The MMUN Executive Staff selects the Bureau team to lead the committee session.|
|MMUN Committee (Debate)||The Bureau will lead the committee through the presentation of the agenda, speeches, and conference proceedings.|
|Meeting (Debate)||Every delegate who chooses will deliver a speech explaining their country’s position on their committee’s topic based on a pre-set Speaker’s List order. Delegates wanting to speak will submit their names in advance of the Conference. Delegates seeking to reply to a speech can send a note to the Bureau to be added to the Speaker’s List.|
|Consultations (Negotiation)||Informal Consultations: Delegates will break up into working groups (by political groups or regional groups) within their committee to draft a resolution, and eventually merge to combine their resolution with the other working groups.
Formal Consultations: The Chair will facilitate the process in which draft resolutions are edited in a line-by-line review. The Chair will ask for objections from the delegates and ask delegates for specific changes.
Paragraphs that are agreed upon by all will be included in the final draft resolution to be adopted during the Action Phase. Any paragraphs that do not have consensus will re-enter negotiation to find a compromise.
The delegates will then choose a Closing Bureau (3 delegates) to represent committee and present the draft resolutions at the Closing ceremony.
|The Closing Bureau will introduce final draft resolution(s) with the aim of adoption by consensus. If at least one Member State objects, then the draft resolution is put to a vote. Non-sponsors may have the chance to explain their position or vote before/after action is taken.|
|MMUN Closing (Taking Action)||The resolution(s) are formally adopted by the entire General Assembly. The MMUN Executive Director will then ceremonially close the session.|