Hangzhou Conference 2019 – UN Committee Topics and Background Guides

First Committee
Disarmament and International Security DISEC

 

 

 

 

This committee aims to create a more peaceful world. Talks in this committee center around reducing weapons in the world. It also identifies threats to peace and finds solutions to international security.

This committee believes the world can become stable through cooperation. Countries can protect their people better if they work together for peace. For example, this committee might discuss how to keep weapons from terrorists. Or, how less weapons can make the world safer. Also, countries talk about policing weapons and finding ways to reduce the weapons they have.

First Committee works closely with United Nations Disarmament Commission and Conference on Disarmament. They have passed resolutions on ammunition, military spending and missiles.

Agenda Item 99.E
Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive wastes

Radioactive materials can be positive for human development. However, when it becomes waste it is a human health problem. With your fellow delegates you need to find a solution to the problem of radioactive wastes.

  • Can states agree on a plan in order to dispose of radioactive wastes safely?
  • What steps can countries take to limit their production of radioactive wastes?
  • How can countries support or encourage each other to live up to treaties?

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Agenda Item 102
The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East

A Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (NWFZ) in the Middle East would do a lot to ease tensions. It would also make the area safer. With your fellow delegates you need to find a way to work towards making a NWFZ in the Middle East.

  • How can your country play a role in making the Middle East a safer place with less violence? 
  • How can the countries in this region work together to create a nuclear-weapon-free zone?
  • Why do some states want nuclear weapons and how can other states help them so it is not something they want?

 

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Second Committee
Economic and Financial
ECOFIN

 

 

 

 

This committee wants to improve the world economy to help the poor. They discuss how national, regional and international economies affect the world. They also focus on countries that have special needs. Some examples are the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) or the Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs).

This group believes people in poverty do not have to be poor forever. For this reason, they focus on how developing nations can improve their economies. They also find ways to directly help people in poverty. They might talk about how to help countries get access to money. Or, they might find ways that technology can help countries develop faster.

This committee works closely with the UN Economic and Social Council. Some of the resolutions they have passed deal with sustainable development, harmony with nature, and migration.

ECOFIN ENVIRONMENT

Agenda Item 19.D
Protection of global climate 
for present and future generations of humankind

Climate change is an issue that is not only important to this generation but all future generations. States need to make decisions that reduce the danger of climate change right now. With your fellow delegates you need to find a way to work towards making the following goals a reality.

  • How can developing states be protected from the effects of climate change?
  • How can all states come to an agreement about how much carbon dioxide can be released into the environment every year? How can states be sure others will stick to the agreement?
  • What can states do to adapt to the changes that climate change will bring?

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Item 19.F
Convention on Biological Diversity

Biological diversity is important to keeping the Earth healthy. Our environment is more interconnected with our activities than we know. With your fellow delegates you need to find a way to work towards making the following goals a reality.

  • How can the environment and human activities co-exist in a way that supports each other?
  • What laws or agreements can states allow in order to protect biodiversity around the world?
  • How can states work together to protect ecosystems that are part of many states?

 

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Security Council UNSC 

 

 

 

 

This is a special part of the United Nations. The UN created this group to try to protect peace. They decide what is a danger to peace. There are 15 members of the Security Council: 5 are permanent and 10 change every two years. The permanent members are China, France, Russia, United Kingdom and the US. The other members are Bolivia, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Netherlands, Peru, Poland and Sweden.

This group helps peace in several ways. They ask states to solve problems peacefully. They also advise states to do something different or offer ways to resolve the situation. If a problem becomes bad the Security Council recommends sanctions. This means other states will punish the country in a non-violent way. An example might be not buying the country’s products or not allowing a country’s sports teams to compete internationally. If things get really bad the Security Council recommends the use of force to bring back international peace and security. All the states of the UN must follow what the Security Council decides.

All the permanent members of the Security Council get a veto. This means no resolutions can pass unless all the permanent members agree. All the other members get one vote. They have passed resolutions on peacebuilding, the situation in Western Sahara, and starting peacekeeping operations.

The situation in the Great Lakes region (Africa)

The Great Lakes region in Africa suffers from violence whose root cause is poverty and unsuccessful governments. The countries inside this zone are Tanzania, Zambia, Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Kenya, Sudan, Burundi, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Rwanda. The borders between these countries are not closed. In fact, in many places people can cross the border illegally. When Europeans colonized Africa, they did not pay much attention to the systems of government, relationships, or traditional boundaries of the area. The borders of countries cut through whole groups of people and an ethnic group can be spread throughout 2 or more countries. Therefore, if an ethnic fight happens between two groups in one country it can spread to a neighbouring country quickly.

With your fellow delegates you need to find a way to work towards making the following goals a reality.

  • How can world governments help stop armed groups and reduce violence in the Great Lakes region?
  • How can states support other countries in developing democratic, peaceful and successful governments?
  • How can world governments help improve the economic situation in the Great Lakes region?

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Non-Proliferation: Democratic People’s Republic Korea

North Korea is a state that does not usually follow international law. It has spent the last several years developing nuclear weapons. With your fellow delegates you need to find a way to work towards making the following goals a reality.

  • How can countries stop North Korea from developing nuclear weapons and other weapons that threaten the region/world?
  • What can countries do to encourage North Korea to help millions of its people who are suffering?
  • What is the best way of using sanctions and other non-violent incentives to get North Korea to commit to denuclearization?

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FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

 

FAO – The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

Their main goal is to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. The organization is focused on helping countries develop strong policies to support stable, sustainable agriculture.

The most important functions of the FAO are to:

  • Promote the common welfare and raising levels of nutrition and standards of living of the people around the world
  • Improving the production and distribution of all food and agricultural products
  • Improving the condition of rural populations
  • Contributing to an expanding world economy
  • Ensuring humanity’s freedom from hunger

 

Food Security for All

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Fair Trade Policies to Defeat Inequality Worldwide

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Additional Resources

UPPER ELEMENTARY MATRIX

MIDDLE SCHOOL MATRIX 

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